What Is Peripheral Arterial Disease?

Peripheral arterial disease is among the most common diseases that affect the body’s blood vessels. The illness manifests in the form of reduced blood flow to the limbs due to a reduction in the diameter of major blood vessels caused by the accumulation of deposits on the vessel walls. Peripheral arterial disease is largely considered to be an illness related to our lifestyle, that is why it affects around 80% of the people over the age of 60 in Western countries. Here are some more things to know about this insidious condition.

PAD doctor Missouri

What Causes Peripheral Arterial Disease

The principal cause that starts the process of artery narrowing is lifestyle – diets that are rich in fat and refined carbohydrates, but low in fiber cause high cholesterol and blood sugar levels and promote the development of fat deposits on the arteries and the rigidization of the major blood vessels. The disease usually takes very long to start causing symptoms – in many cases, the process of narrowing in the arteries starts at around the age of 40, but the illness can remain asymptomatic for decades.

The Symptoms of Peripheral Arterial Disease

As it is the case with many slowly progressing illnesses, the first symptoms of peripheral arterial disease are hardly noticeable, therefore easy to neglect, such as minor discomfort experienced in the affected limbs. As the disease progresses and the affected artery becomes narrower, the symptoms become stronger, too. The most common signs that the illness is progressing include claudication, that is, leg pain experienced while walking; muscle cramps; coldness in the affected limb due to improper blood circulation; shiny or discolored skin on the affected limb; slower growth of the nails and of hair on the limb due to the lack of nutrients and numbness or weakness. In more severe cases, claudication aggravates to a level that makes walking impossible and the patient might also start feeling pain even when the affected limb is resting. Severe cases of peripheral arterial disease might also be associated with the discoloration of the skin in the affected area – a very serious problem that requires instant medical treatment as the discolorations are usually caused by a complete blockage of the blood flow.

Treatment Options for Peripheral Arterial Disease

Currently, there is no healing for peripheral arterial disease – once the process has started, the damage sustained by the affected arteries is usually irreversible. However, according to a one of the most respected PAD doctor Missouri has, in mild cases, the symptoms can be efficiently reversed and the progression of the disease can be stopped with lifestyle changes, such as switching to a diet that is low in fat and sugars, and high in fiber and in healthy nutrients and the implementation of a regular exercise regimen. More severe cases can also be efficiently kept under control with the help of lifestyle changes combined with medication that keeps cholesterol and blood sugar levels in check. Very severe cases, when the blood flow to the affected limb has been completely severed, require immediate action to restore the blood flow, followed by treatment with medication and the transition to a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet.

An Explanation of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

BPH Endovascular Doctor Procedures

Benign prostatic hyperplasia, also known as prostate gland enlargement, is among the most common health issues that affect men, a condition that develops gradually, with age.

What Is the Prostate?

The prostate is a small gland in the male reproductive system, located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, partially wrapped around the urethra, the tube through which urine is eliminated. The walnut-sized gland plays a role in the production of semen, providing one of the fluids in its composition and the prostate also plays a role in the process of expelling the semen during ejaculation.

Why Does the Prostate Enlarge?

Prostate enlargement is a natural process that usually takes place very slowly, over the course of many years or even decades. While the cause that triggers the growth process is not fully understood, most experts agree that it is somehow related to the age-related changes in the body that affect the balance of male sex hormones.

The Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

As the prostate grows, the process affects sexual function as well as the way that the urethra functions, the most common symptoms being related to the passing of urine and to sexual activity. The symptoms related to the urinary tract include the frequent or urgent need to urinate, especially during the night, difficulty when starting urination and dripping at the end of urination, a urine stream that is very weak and the inability to empty the bladder completely. In some cases, the enlarged prostate can have an effect on sex life, causing erectile dysfunction or ejaculation issues.

If left untreated, worsening prostate enlargement can lead to complications that are sometimes severe. These complications include the complete inability to urinate, frequent urinary tract infections and bladder damage caused by the inability to empty the bladder completely, the formation of bladder stones and kidney damage that might appear when the bladder infections caused by long-term urinary retention reach the kidneys.

The Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

There are many treatment options available for benign prostatic hyperplasia, early detection being a factor that considerably influences treatment efficiency. Here are some methods:

  • Watchful waiting – as it is the case with many conditions that develop slowly, watchful waiting and annual check-ups is the recommended solution for men whose prostate has started growing, but have no symptoms;
  • Medications – there are several drugs available for the treatment of prostate enlargement that causes mild to moderate symptoms. Some of these medications act by shrinking the prostate, while others help ease the symptoms. The drugs used usually take long to produce the desired improvement, therefore they need to be taken for a long time;
  • Surgery – men who have severe symptoms and who do not react well to medication can undergo surgery. The intervention is today considered to be routine surgery and it involves the transurethral resection of the prostate, in other words, it consists of the trimming of the excess prostate tissue to free the urethra and to eliminate the blockage that leads to the symptoms. Find the best endovascular doctor near me in Fort Collins for procedures.

Should You Call a Doctor to Treat Leg Pain?

Our legs suffer a lot of wear and tear during the course of a lifetime. As soon as we learn how to walk, we keep using them. Sometimes we run, we jump, we hop and we stomp. And each of these movements means extra strain for muscles, ligaments and bones.

So, at a certain point, we feel pain in our legs. If you exercise a lot or go jogging frequently, you feel it as heaviness in your legs. Sometimes you sprain your ankle or develop athlete’s foot. But many people simply realize that they have leg pain for no apparent reason. In this case, should you call a doctor or try home treatments?

Understand the Cause of Leg Pain

As we briefly stated above leg pain can be caused by intense exercise or trauma. If you have a sprained ankle, there is no question about it, you must see a doctor. However, if you have muscle cramps after a particularly long and difficult jog outdoors, a warm bath and massage will solve the problem.

Yet, there are other causes of leg pain, some of them with serious implication for your health. These are:

  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Bursitis (joint inflammation)
  • Gout
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Thrombophlebitis (a blood clot in the leg).

In some cases, children undergoing puberty may experience growing pains, but they usually go away by themselves, with no specific course of treatment. Older people and pregnant women also experience night leg cramps (contractions of the calf muscles).

How to Deal with Each Type of Pain

There are four possible scenarios in dealing with leg pain. We range them from the least to the most dangerous to your health.

  1. Home Treatment

Minor leg pain, accompanied by swelling or not, can be usually treated at home using the RICE method:

  • Rest the injured leg (or legs) and refrain from walking
  • Ice the injured area using a frozen pea bag or a bag of ice cubes
  • Compression: apply a compressive elastic bandage around the injured area; however, avoid wrapping it too tightly, because you risk cutting off blood flow
  • Elevate: lift the injured leg above the level of the heart, by placing one or several pillows under it.

treatment for leg pain

  1. Schedule a Visit to Your Doctor

Here are some of the types of leg pain that should not be left unexamined by a doctor:

  • Leg pain that does not improve with home care after a few days
  • Pain during or after walking
  • Swelling in both legs
  • Painful varicose veins
  • Pain that increases from one day to the other.
  1. Go to Your Doctor as Soon as Possible

You should go to your doctor even without a prior appointment if you notice:

  • Redness, warmth or tender flesh, which are signs of an infection
  • Swollen leg, cool to the touch and with pale skin
  • Pain in your calf after sitting down for a long time (a flight, a long drive)
  • Swelling in both legs accompanied by difficulties in breathing
  • Any kind of symptom that appears for no good reason.
  1. Call an Ambulance or Go to the Emergency Room

These are situations in which you must receive medical treatment for leg pain without delay:

  • Open leg injury with exposed bone or ligaments
  • Inability to walk or put weight at all on one leg
  • You heard a popping or grinding sound at the moment of the accident
  • Your calf is painful, swollen, tender or warm to the touch.

What Are the Most Significant Benefits of Keeping a Sleep Diary?

Fighting sleep disorders can be an ongoing battle, even in the case of so-called mild sleep problems such as insomnia. For some of us, these sleep related issues are anything but mild, and practices such as keeping a sleep diary often prove to be essential for finding out exactly what’s wrong and how to approach the problem. 

Get Better Insight on Your Sleeping Patterns

The most obvious benefit of keeping a sleep diary is that you’ll be able to monitor your sleep patterns more efficiently. This means that you’ll know not just about severe sleep apnea episodes or problems with sleep walking and waking up suddenly, but you’ll also have an idea of how each episode fits in a long term pattern.

As you examine your diary after keeping it faithfully for a few months, you might notice certain patterns, such as how your sleep changes with your menstrual cycle or whether or not there is any correlation between your sleep cycle alterations and temperature or weather changes as winter turns to spring or spring turns to summer.

snore doctor

Using this sleep diary, you will better be able to discuss diagnosis and treatment options with a reputable snore doctor.

Monitor the Efficiency of Your Treatments

When you’re suffering from sleep disorders and your doctor provides you with a treatment or a device like the CPAP machine that you need to use as part of your treatment, you will want to know how effective these methods really are. A sleep diary will help you with that part as well.

Depending on the type of treatment you use, you can write down detailed information about how it affected the amount of time you sleep, the specific episodes you used to have before starting the treatment, or the extent to which it helped you sleep more easily and without interruption.

In some cases, it also helps to record yourself during sleep or to have someone look in on you as you sleep, and make notes of the specific time when, for example, you had a more prominent snoring episode, or your breathing suddenly stopped for a few seconds.

Help Your Doctor Provide You with an Accurate Diagnosis

Although certain sleep conditions, such as sleep apnea, might require a specialized sleep study before the doctor can give you an accurate diagnosis, other sleep disorders might just need some basic investigation for that purpose. A sleep diary will help a lot with these, as it will provide your doctor with invaluable information about the amount of time you sleep, the sensations you have during sleep or upon waking up, the overall quality of your sleep, and any psychological or physiological changes that you might have gone through since the problem first appeared.

Sometimes a diary can even save your life, especially when cases of sleep apnea and other severe sleeping disorders are mistaken for insomnia, because the patient doesn’t fit the usual, statistical profile of what a sleep apnea patient should look like. Also, in the case of women, for instance, breathing cessations and snoring episodes are less prominent, and can go unnoticed in certain cases. But with a sleep diary, you can point them out more easily and convince the doctor to schedule you for a sleep study, instead of just giving you a wrong diagnosis.

How Often to Visit the Dentist – Factors that Influence the Frequency of Your Dental Appointments

Regular visits to your Littleton dentist are essential for preserving proper oral health, but the question obviously arises “how often to visit the dentist to make sure my teeth are in great condition?” While the general rule is to visit the doctor twice a year, there are many factors that determine the best interval for your visits to the dentist – here are some.

The Ideal Situation

The twice-a-year rule works for those who don’t suffer from any gum disease, are not at risk of developing such disease any time soon, who don’t suffer from vitamin and calcium deficiency, from diabetes or from other conditions that affect the health of the bones and of the soft tissues in the mouth and for people who have a proper routine of dental hygiene.

Underlying Health Issues and Conditions that Shorten the Interval Between Visits

Diabetes, pregnancy, mineral and vitamin deficiencies weaken the teeth, therefore they require you to visit your dentist more often. People suffering from gum disease or from a weakened immune system also need to see their dentist every 2-3 months to reduce the risk of bacterial infections in the mouth.

dental examWhat to Expect of Routine Visits

During routine visits, dentists examine the teeth of their patients, searching for cavities and for signs of gum disease or infections in their early stages, when they are already visible to the trained eye, but they don’t cause any symptoms yet. After the examination, your dentist will address the issues found by filling or bonding your damaged teeth or by recommending lengthier, more complex treatment options if necessary.

Your Littleton family dental practitioner will also clean your teeth if he or she deems it necessary – tartar deposits cannot be removed with the dental cleaning methods used at home, so you will need the professional tools and materials used by your dentist to get rid of the deposits.


If one of your tooth becomes chipped, cracked, sensitive, swollen or painful, you need to schedule a visit to your Littleton dentist right away. Toothache is usually caused by an inflammation or an infection and it will not go away on its own – you can reduce the symptoms temporarily with pain killers and ice packs, but they will come back soon. If you have an infected tooth, your doctor will probably ask you to get a dental X-ray that shows the exact location of the inflammation, then the dentist will open the tooth to rinse it, to remove any puss and dead tissue from the inner layers of the tooth and to apply a medicated filling. When the infection has healed, your dentist will remove the medicated filling and will apply the permanent filling.

As you see, how often to visit the dentist depends on your general health and physical condition, on the current condition of your teeth and of your gums and whether you are faced with any acute issues that need treatment instantly – if you don’t have any acute dental situations going on, you can schedule dental appointments at six-month intervals, but if you do experience any discomfort or pain, schedule your next visit right away.

The 10 Main Advantages of a Family Dentist You Can Rely on

happy family looking at the cameraWhat are the main advantages of a family dentist and why should you care? This is a question that many people have entertained in recent years, in their attempt to find the best dental practitioners to help them with their family’s dentistry support.

To gain some clarity on this matter, let’s take a look at the 10 most important benefits of having a Highlands Ranch family dentist:

  1. A family dentist will provide you with quick and easy tips for tooth maintenance and proper dental hygiene, so you won’t have to spend as much time at the dentist’s office as time goes by.
  2. The best dentists are relateable and trustworthy. You can rely on them to give you all the information you need about the best practices and procedures for you to adopt. Also, they can help you decide on which specialized dentists to opt for when it comes to getting a diagnostic and a service proposition for specific dental problems.
  3. A family dentist is able to provide you with reliable advice and services for the entire family. Whether it’s about grandma’s dentures or your toddler’s first teething troubles, you can depend on your family dentist to give you all the information and support you need.
  4. With the help of a Highlands Ranch dental family practitioner, your dental care will be simplified and the fees you have to pay will be much lower. Moreover, the expenses of taking your children to one dentist and you visiting another will be completely gone.
  5. There is also a wide range of dependable services you can obtain. A family dentist is trained to offer the best level of support in every area, so that patients of all ages can get the same level of consideration, service and support.
  6. You can form longer lasting personal bonds. With a family dentist, you’ll basically gain a good friend, not just a service provider. As a result, each and every member of the family will know about the family dentist, which will help kids relate to and cope with dental work a lot more easily.
  7. You can track your entire dental history very easily. Your family dentist will have access to all your files at short notice, so you don’t have to go around town just to find out whether or not you’re allergic to a certain type of material or sedative.
  8. Children with a history of social difficulties, or those suffering from various forms of autism can benefit a great deal more from a family dentist than any other children. By seeing you and the dentist interacting they will have greater trust and they’ll also be much more relaxed.
  9. With a family dentist you don’t have to worry about your expenses. In most cases, family dentists can give you a discount if they gain your entire family as their clients – especially if you have a greater number of children.
  10. Finally, a dependable family dentist will have a lot of experience to draw upon. Unlike common dentists, they’ll likely be able to see in advance what the problem is and find a viable solution before it degenerates into something a lot worse.

Considering these advantages of a family dentist, it’s easy to see why you might want to consider the best dentists in the area. Not only will they provide you with the services you need, but they’ll help provide your family and children with something entirely unique.

Home Health Care Services In Colorado Can Complement Informal Care

Informal care is the assistance provided to someone in need of support, by family or friends. People usually prefer spending their senior days with their family and their loved ones, which is why a life in a care center is not for many an agreeable outcome. However, there are situations in which family or friends are not prepared enough to provide the professional care the patient needs. This is why they can and will usually consider hiring one of the professionals in home health care Pueblo CO services in Colorado, to take upon themselves the task of taking care of the sick parent or the disabled relative from a medical point of view.

What will the health care professional do?

If a family member is dealing with a disabled person, taking care of her can be quite difficult, especially if you take into account their daily needs. In this situation, family can consider leaving the task of performing activities of daily living (also called ADL) such as bathing, dressing or helping the patient with their eating, accompanying them for a walk or even to the toilet – to a home care aid or a nurse. 

Moreover, if the patient needs wound care or physical or psychological therapy, the family can consider hiring a physical therapist or a mental health worker. In the case of a person suffering from a physical, cognitive or mental problem, they may also consider contacting an occupational therapist, who will try and help the patient to recover the ability of ensuring his or her living inside the community or at least in the daily life activities.

What types of activities will an occupational therapist be able to provide help with?

There are a lot of activities that this specialist can help the person in need with:

  • Taking a bath or a shower;
  • Feeding the patient;
  • Dressing and grooming of the person requiring occupational therapy;
  • Assistance with the patient’s mobility and their transportation (even the long walks with the help of a wheelchair);
  • Personal hygiene as well as toilet hygiene;
  • Caring for the patient’s pet or for other members of the patient’s family, if unable to tend to themselves as well (this includes raising children or providing assistance to other disabled or illness-struck members of the family)
  • Communicating with the patient and transmitting his or her interactions to the family or to the ones instructed by the person in need of an occupational therapist;
  • Preparing meals and medication program;
  • Ensuring the safety of the affected person;
  • Shopping and driving in order to abide by the interests of the disabled;
  • Helping the person in need get a good rest;
  • Taking care of their education, their leisure time, and involving them as much as possible, in social activities with friends and family.

Health care services in Colorado specialize in many areas regarding occupational therapy. While some may choose to involve the patient in community practice, others may prefer to assist them with a physical or a mental condition, which is why occupational therapy is a domain of the utmost importance in health care.

Causes Of Childhood Obesity

OBesity in childhood could be brought on by a variety of variables which generally act in combination. “Obesogenic surroundings” is the medical term set aside for this particular mix of elements. The greatest risk factor for kid is the obesity of both parents. This might be represented by the environment and genetics of the family. Other reasons could also be as a result of the child’s body kind as well as emotional variables.

A 2010 review said that childhood obesity probably is caused by the interaction of natural selection favoring those with now’s consumerist society and more parsimonious energy metabolism with simple accessibility to energy heavy foods that were low-cost and less energy conditions in daily life.

Childhood is usually caused by an interaction between external variables and many genetic. Polymorphisms in several genes controlling metabolism and hunger predispose people to obesity when adequate calories are found. Over 200 genes affect weight by establishing food choices, action level, physique, and metabolism. Having two copies of the allele called FTO raises the chance of diabetes and obesity.

Childhood Obesity

Childhood obesity is a condition where excessive body fat impacts a kid’s health or wellbeing. As approaches to determine body fat are not easy, the identification of obesity is usually based on BMI. Due to the increasing prevalence of obesity in kids and its many adverse health effects it’s being recognized as a serious public health issue. The expression overweight rather than fat is frequently used in kids as it’s stigmatizing.

The standard range for BMI in children change with gender and age. A BMI greater than or equal to the 95th percentile is understood to be obesity by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, while a BMI above the 85th percentile is understood to be overweight. For discovering this in kids, it’s printed tables.

The US Preventive Service Task Force reported that not all kids using a high BMI have to slim down though. High BMI can identify a weight issue that is potential, but does not distinguish between thin or fat tissue.